Main Article Content


Fresh, bias-free and valid data collected using different survey modes is considered an essential requirement for smooth functioning and evolution of an organization. Surveys play a major role in making in-time correct decisions and generating reports. The aim of this study is to compare and investigate state-of-the-art in different survey modes including print, email, online, mobile and SMS-based surveys. Results indicated that existing methods are neither complete nor sufficient to fulfil the overall requirements of an organization which primarily rely on surveys. Also, it shows that SMS is a dominant method for data collection due to its pervasiveness. However, existing SMS-based data collection has limitations like limited number of characters per SMS, single question per SMS and lake of multimedia support. Recent trends in data collection emphasis on data collection applications for smart phones. However, in developing countries low-end mobile devices are still extensively used which makes the data collection difficult from man in the street. The paper conclude that existing survey modes and methods should be improved to get maximum responses quickly in low cost manner. The study has contributed to the area of surveying and data collection by analysing different factors such as cost, time and response rate. The results of this study can help practitioners in creating a more successful surveying method for data collection that can be effectively used for low budget projects in developed as well as developing countries.


Mail-based surveys Online-Surveys Mobile-based surveys

Article Details

Author Biographies

Iftikhar Alam, Department of Computer Science, University of Peshawar

Department of Computer Sceince, University of Peshawar

Shah Khusro, University of Peshawar

Department of Computer Science, University of Peshawar

Azhar Rauf, University of Peshawar

Department of Computer Science, University of Peshawar

Qamruz Zaman, University of Peshawar

Department of Statistics, University of Peshawar
How to Cite
Alam, I., Khusro, S., Rauf, A., & Zaman, Q. (2014). Conducting Surveys and Data Collection: From Traditional to Mobile and SMS-based Surveys. Pakistan Journal of Statistics and Operation Research, 10(2), 169-187.