Trend Analysis of Monthly and Annual Temperature Series of Quetta, Pakistan

Farhat Iqbal, Sohail Chand

Abstract


The monthly average temperature series of Quetta – Pakistan from 1950 – 2000 is examined. A straight line is fitted to the data and seasonal variation and trend in temperature for each month of the year were obtained. An overall model is constructed as large variations in the monthly slopes were observed. In order to describe the seasonal pattern and trend in temperature, corresponding to the different months, both sine/cosine waves and sine/cosine waves multiplied by the time were included in the model as independent variables. The lag-1 autocorrelation was found in the residual of the model and hence another model was fitted to the pre-whiten series that shows a good fit ( ) and is free from correlated residuals. Both parametric and non-parametric tests applied to each month temperature show significant trend in all months except February and March.


Keywords


Temporal and seasonal variations, Pre-whiten series, Autocorrelation, Man-Kendall test

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18187/pjsor.v10i4.806

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Title

Trend Analysis of Monthly and Annual Temperature Series of Quetta, Pakistan

Keywords

Temporal and seasonal variations, Pre-whiten series, Autocorrelation, Man-Kendall test

Description

The monthly average temperature series of Quetta – Pakistan from 1950 – 2000 is examined. A straight line is fitted to the data and seasonal variation and trend in temperature for each month of the year were obtained. An overall model is constructed as large variations in the monthly slopes were observed. In order to describe the seasonal pattern and trend in temperature, corresponding to the different months, both sine/cosine waves and sine/cosine waves multiplied by the time were included in the model as independent variables. The lag-1 autocorrelation was found in the residual of the model and hence another model was fitted to the pre-whiten series that shows a good fit ( ) and is free from correlated residuals. Both parametric and non-parametric tests applied to each month temperature show significant trend in all months except February and March.


Date

2014-12-31

Identifier


Source

Pakistan Journal of Statistics and Operation Research; Vol. 10 No. 4, 2014



Print ISSN: 1816-2711 | Electronic ISSN: 2220-5810